The Act of Settlement and the Hanoverian Succession

Stuart monarchy ended with the death of Queen Anne in 1714, when the British Crown passed to George of Hanover. The earlier passing of the Act of Settlement in 1701 identified the legitimacy of the Hanoverian succession as a proper continuity of the protestant monarchy. In this film, Professor Justin Champion and Professor Paulina Kewes investigate the origins and consequences of the Act of Settlement during the first age of party politics.

Key Questions

  • How important were political and religious ideas after 1689?
  • Was the fear of Roman Catholicism a political or religious anxiety?
  • Why were clergymen so controversial in the world of political debate?

Further Reading

  • Justin Champion, ‘Political Thinking Between the Restoration and Hanoverian Succession’, in Barry Coward (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Stuart Britain (Oxford: Blackwell, 2003), pp. 474-92.
  • Tim Harris, Politics Under the Later Stuarts: Party Conflict in a Divided Society, 1660-1715 (London: Longman, 1993).
  • J. P. Kenyon, Revolution Principles: The Politics of Party, 1689-1720 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1977).
  • Mark Knights, The Devil in Disguise: Deception, Delusion and Fanaticism in the Early English Enlightenment (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).

Unless otherwise noted, images in this film are reproduced by courtesy of the Ashmolean Museum and the Bodleian Libraries at the University of Oxford.

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